2022 annual review of Kazakhstan’s transport sector read full article at worldnews365.me










BAKU, Azerbaijan, January 6. Kazakhstan took
steps to deal with among the challenges it had within the
transportation sector in 2022 and reached vital milestones for
the additional growth of this subject, Trend studies.

The huge territory of Kazakhstan exceeds 2.7 million sq.
kilometers. The inhabitants density is low in Kazakhstan, and the
facilities of business and agriculture are unfold out and distant from
world markets.

Contemplating the above-mentioned elements, transportation turns into
a vital sector of the economic system of nation. The present circumstances
of Kazakhstan’s transportation sector transformations are as
follows:

Street transport

The main transportation mission at the moment being applied is
the Massive Almaty Ring Street (BAKAD). The general worth of the mission
is roughly $743 million. The working interval of the mission
is estimated to be 16 years.

The mission commenced in 2018, though the beginning the mission
has been postponed at the very least as soon as as a result of world monetary disaster
in 2008.

The BAKAD shall be a hoop street forming the intersection of the
worldwide street corridors working alongside the
Khorgos-Almaty-Bishkek-Taraz-Shymkent-Tashkent (often known as the Silk
Street) and Almaty-Karaganda-Astana-Petropavlovsk routes. The street
will encompass a 57 kilometer 6-lane part and a 9 kilometer
4-lane part.

The mission is ready to be accomplished within the second half of 2023
in response to Tolegen Abdullin, Chairman of the Committee for Roads
of the Ministry of Business and Infrastructural Improvement of
Kazakhstan.

Abdullin acknowledged that upon the commissioning of the
66-kilometer-long BAKAD street, the transit and transportation
potential of Kazakhstan will improve.

“Implementing the mission may even lower the visitors within the
metropolis, supply different routes and enhance the ecologic scenario,”
the chairman of the committee mentioned.

Kazakhstan can be trying to amend present laws within the
subject of transport transit. Ranging from 2023 Kazakhstan will
improve the tariff on toll roads for transit carriers subsequent yr.
Kairbek Uskenbaev, the Minister of Business and Infrastructure
Improvement, mentioned that the requirement for this class shall be
tightened

Talking on the sidelines of the federal government assembly, the
minister added that the tariffs for Kazakhstanis on toll roads will
stay the identical.

By way of reconstruction and restore works, Kazakhstan determined
to begin utilizing drones for inspecting bridge and street infrastructure
circumstances. The change goes to happen ranging from early
2023.

In accordance with the Ministry of Business and Infrastructural
Improvement of Kazakhstan, the variety of bridge constructions in
Kazakhstan exceeds 2,000, and every building needs to be inspected
each 3–5 years.

The drones will make the inspection course of faster, cheaper,
and safer for all events. Moreover, this strategy will allow
the nation to create digital maps of the related areas.

Railroad transport

The significance of railroad transportation stays paramount in
Kazakhstan. In 2022, Kazakhstan commenced a number of vital
initiatives on this subject, together with the development of the
Dostyk-Moyinti railway.

Talking at a ministerial assembly earlier this yr, Uskenbayev
famous that the problems of opening a 3rd border crossing on the
border between Kazakhstan and China and the development of a brand new
Bakhty-Ayagoz railway line have additionally been labored out.

“A feasibility research for the mission is at the moment being
developed. It’s envisaged that 80 % of the funds shall be
offered by the Eurasian Improvement Financial institution, whereas the opposite 20
% – by Kazakhstan Temir Zholy (Kazakhstan Railways),” the
minister added.

Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan additionally agreed to hurry up the
building of the 106 kilometer lengthy Darbaza – Maktaaral
railroad, with subsequent entry to the Syrdarya station. The
settlement was reached by Kazakhstan’s President Kassym-Jomart
Tokayev and Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev within the framework of
the go to of the Kazakh Head of State to Uzbekistan.

“Kazakh corporations are ready for the energetic participation of
the assorted transport communications and provide the mandatory
supplies”, Tokayev mentioned. He additionally added the development of the
railroad will unload the Saryagash checkpoint.

By way of transport cooperation with regional states,
Kazakhstan expressed that it is able to take part within the
building of the Trans-Afghan railroad.

The Minister of Commerce and Integration of Kazakhstan Serik
Zhumangarin acknowledged that Kazakhstan is within the profitable
implementation of the mission and prepared to think about completely different
prospects for its participation, together with supplying
supplies.

In accordance with the Kazakh minister, cooperation on this subject will
improve the transit potential of each nations and open new
avenues for bilateral cooperation.

In late December, President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev highlighted
the function of Kazakhstan within the North-South hall. Kazakh
president added that the Kazakhstan-Turkmenistan-Iran railroad is
an vital factor for the belief of the transport route.
Talking on the CIS leaders’ summit, the Kazakh Head of State famous
that it’s essential to bolster transport cooperation between the
CIS states.

Whereas Kazakhstan achieved so much by way of cooperation with
different states, sure developments with main transportation
corporations additionally deserve the readers’ consideration.

Kazakhstan Railways (KTZ) and Stadler have signed three
long-term contracts for the availability of 537 sleeper and couchette
coaches, together with a 20-year full-service contract.

The whole contract covers the manufacturing and repair of the
sleeper and couchette coaches, totaling 2.3 billion Euros. The
contract additionally consists of the switch of expertise from Switzerland
to Kazakhstan and the acquisition of an area manufacturing facility in
Astana.

“The gradual switch of expertise, the coaching of native
personnel at different Stadler vegetation, in addition to the cooperation with
native suppliers and technical universities present the muse
of this worldwide collaboration,” Stadler mentioned in a
assertion.

The supply will happen by 2030 and there may be an choice for
further orders to proceed the modernization of the KTZ
fleet.

One other main settlement was signed between Finland’s Nurminen
Logistics and KTZ, which enabled the Finnish transport and
logistics firm to launch common and excessive velocity shuttling
service to and from Kazakhstan. The TransCaspian Categorical providers
the Altynkol, Kazakhstan – Poti or Batumi, Georgia route three
occasions per week on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays.

Common and scheduled service shortens the supply time from
China, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan to Europe, which allows
clients to streamline the availability chain and improve
flexibility.

Air transport

Kazakhstan continued to develop its air transportation
capabilities in 2022 with important developments lined up for
2023.

First, Kazakhstan’s SCAT air service will launch flights from
Almaty to Pakistan’s capital Islamabad and Karachi.

Alisher Abdykadyrov, Deputy Mayor of Almaty, mentioned that the talks
between Kazakhstan and Saudi Arabia have additionally taken place in
2022.

“Representatives of a Saudi Arabian low-cost flight operator
have already introduced their intention to launch direct and common
flights,” Abdykadyrov famous.

Town official mentioned that the related authorities are holding
talks with representatives of Japan and Israel as nicely. One other
potential vacation spot, which is able to grow to be out there, is
Malaysia.

Kazakhstan additionally intends to launch further flights to
Azerbaijan in the course of the spring/summer season of 2023.

The growth of the geography of flights is part of the
technique aimed toward turning Kazakhstan right into a extra engaging vacationer
vacation spot, monetary capital of the area, in addition to
transportation and logistics middle.

The nation’s airways expanded their air fleets considerably
to maintain up with the elevated demand and repair the brand new flight
locations.

Kazakhstani air carriers obtained a complete of 12 planes since
August. Planes have a capability starting from 166 to 213 seats,
relying on the mannequin and specification.

Fast buying of planes is part of the Kazakh airways’
technique to develop the air fleet, which is meant to lower the
variety of delays and enhance the extent of service.

Beforehand, the related authorities of Kazakhstan acknowledged that
one of many main issues of air transportation is a big quantity
of delays. Buying new planes will, at the very least partly, remove
this downside.

At the moment, Kazakhs can fly direct flights to 29 nations of the
world. Home flights are operated by 5 native airways on 57
routes, with a frequency of 687 flights per week.

Kazakh airways carried about 9 million passengers in 10 months
this yr, which is 16 % greater than in the identical interval final
yr. Exactly, the passenger visitors of Air Astana amounted to
about 3.4 million folks, FlyArystan – about 2.6 million folks,
SCAT – 2.4 million folks, and Qazaq air – 500,000 folks.

Maritime transport

The quantity of cargo transshipment through Kazakhstan’s seaports
significantly grew from January by means of September 2022.

In accordance with the Ministry of Business and Infrastructural
Improvement of Kazakhstan, almost 1.38 million tons of cargo had been
transshipped through Aktau and Kuryk seaports in the course of the specified
interval, up by 2.4 occasions (versus 565,000 tons within the first 9
months of final yr).

In the meantime, the amount of container cargo elevated by 54
%, equaling 27,399 TEU (in comparison with 17,833 TEU from January
by means of September 2021).

At the moment, there are three working seaports in Kazakhstan –
Aktau, Bautino, and Kuryk, which give providers to ships of
completely different capacities.

Aktau Worldwide Industrial Sea Port is situated on the
jap coast of the Caspian Sea on the intersection of a number of
worldwide transport corridors.

Bautino сargo port is a division of Aktau Worldwide
Industrial Sea Port and is situated in Bautino village.

Kuryk Port can be situated on the jap coast of the Caspian
Sea, south of Aktau metropolis. The port has direct entry to the railway
and is situated in a pure bay, a gulf that gives favorable
climate circumstances for its operation. On this regard, the port is
capable of obtain automobile and rail ferries all yr spherical.

Cooperation with worldwide companions:

Within the framework of the transport sector enchancment and
modernization, Kazakhstan has additionally cooperated with worldwide
companions and establishments.

In 2022, Kazakhstan, along with the European Financial institution for
Reconstruction and Improvement (EBRD), launched a collection of
initiatives aimed to hasten the transformation of the
transportation sector.

At the moment, the EBRD is reviewing a modernization mission at
Aktau port. In accordance with the out there documentation, the
London-based financial institution is contemplating offering a mortgage of $15 million to
the JSC Nationwide Firm Aktau Sea Industrial Port.

The mortgage proceeds shall be used to finance Aktau Port’s
modernization by means of the acquisition and set up of kit
and associated infrastructure to extend the port’s cargo dealing with
capability. The ultimate approval choice on the allocation of the
funds shall be made on 8 February 2023.

The EBRD and KTZ have signed an settlement on the bond funding
of 45.8 billion Kazakh tenge (round $99.3 million) in favor of
Kazakhstan Temir Zholy.

Moreover, the EBRD has additionally cooperated with non-public
corporations by allocating important assets to supply
alternatives for enhancing the transportation sector of
Kazakhstan. The implementation of those initiatives will additional
complement the efforts of the federal government within the subject of
transportation coverage.

Kazakhstan additionally collaborates with different organizations, together with
the Asian Improvement Financial institution (ADB). At the moment, the ADB implements
Almaty-Bishkek Financial Hall Assist Part 2, which is aimed toward
boosting cooperation in a number of areas, together with transportation,
healthcare, agriculture, and infrastructure. Part 2 of the mission
entails spending round $1.9 million on boosting cooperation within the
above-mentioned fields.

#europeannews #european_news




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