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El-Sisi in New Delhi for Republic Day: Significance of his visit, and India’s ties with Egypt read full article at worldnews365.me











What’s El-Sisi’s schedule right here?

Sisi will probably be accorded a ceremonial welcome on the Rashtrapati Bhavan on January 25, and President Droupadi Murmu will host a State Banquet in his honour the identical night.

Sisi could have a gathering and delegation-level talks with Prime Minister Narendra Modi on bilateral, regional and international problems with mutual curiosity. Exterior Affairs Minister S Jaishankar can even name on President Sisi. The visiting dignitary will work together with the Indian enterprise group at an occasion on the identical day, based on the Ministry of Exterior Affairs.

What’s the significance of a Republic Day invite?

An invite to be the Republic Day chief visitor is very symbolic from the Indian authorities’s perspective. New Delhi has been weaving technique with hospitality to resolve its chief visitor for the Republic Day. The selection of chief visitor yearly is dictated by quite a lot of causes — strategic and diplomatic, enterprise pursuits, and worldwide geo-politics.

What’s the historical past of India-Egypt relations?

India and Egypt share shut political understanding based mostly on a protracted historical past of cooperation in bilateral, regional and international points. The joint announcement of firm of diplomatic relations on the Ambassadorial stage was made on August 18, 1947.

India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Egypt’s President Gamal Abdel Nasser signed the Friendship Treaty between the 2 nations, and so they have been key to forming the Non-Aligned Motion (NAM) together with Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito.

Because the Nineteen Eighties, there have been 4 Prime Ministerial visits from India to Egypt: Rajiv Gandhi (1985); P V Narasimha Rao (1995); IK Gujral (1997); and Dr. Manmohan Singh (2009, NAM Summit).

From the Egyptian facet, President Hosni Mubarak visited India in 1982, in 1983 (NAM Summit), and once more in 2008.

Excessive-level exchanges with Egypt continued after the 2011 Egyptian Revolution after which President Mohamed Morsi visited India in March 2013. India’s Exterior Affairs Minister (EAM) visited Cairo in March 2012 and the Egyptian International Minister visited India in December 2013.

After the brand new authorities led by President Sisi took over in June 2014, then EAM Sushma Swaraj visited Cairo in August 2015. PM Modi met President Sisi on the sidelines of the United Nations Normal Meeting (UNGA), New York, in September 2015. President Pranab Mukherjee and PM Modi met Sisi in the course of the Third India-Africa Discussion board Summit in New Delhi in October 2015.

President Sisi additionally paid a State go to to India in September 2016. A joint assertion was issued, outlining the three pillars of political-security cooperation, financial engagement & scientific collaboration and cultural & people-people ties as the premise of a brand new partnership for a brand new period.

What have been the current engagements?

PM Modi held a telephone dialog with Sisi on April 17, 2020 to debate efforts to halt the unfold of the coronavirus, and once more on April 26, 2020 to alternate Eid-ul-Fitr greetings. The PM expressed appreciation for the assist prolonged by Egyptian authorities for the security and welfare of Indian nationals in Egypt in the course of the Covid disaster.

President Sisi expressed sympathy and solidarity with India in the course of the second wave of Covid-19, on April 30, 2021. Egypt dispatched three planes with medical provides to India on Might 9, 2021. As well as, the Embassy of India additionally signed an settlement to acquire 300,000 doses of REMDESEVIR from M/s EVA Pharma, Egypt, which have been offered nicely earlier than schedule.

What’s the state of bilateral commerce relations?

Egypt has historically been one in every of India’s most essential buying and selling companions within the African continent. The India-Egypt bilateral commerce settlement has been in operation since March 1978 and relies on the most-favoured nation clause.

The bilateral commerce has elevated greater than 5 instances previously 10 years. In 2018-19, it reached USD 4.55 billion. Regardless of the pandemic, the amount of commerce declined solely marginally to USD 4.5 billion in 2019-20 and to USD 4.15 billion in 2020-21. Bilateral commerce has expanded quickly in 21-22 — climbing to 7.26 billion, a 75 per cent enhance from FY 2020-2021.

What are the opposite areas of cooperation?

Officers mentioned that the 2 nations will probably be taking a look at a spread of sectors, and agriculture will probably be one of many key areas of cooperation.

Egypt, which is going through a scarcity of meals grains as its main sources have been the warring Ukraine and Russia, desires to purchase wheat from India. In Might final yr, India — which had put a ban on sale of wheat — allowed export of 61,000 tonnes to Egypt. However the nation desires extra grains, in view of the shortages.

Egypt’s President can be coming at a time when the nation is going through a large financial disaster resulting from depleted foreign exchange reserves. Whereas there was no request for budgetary assist, India is taking a look at growing investments within the nation, particularly in main infrastructure initiatives in and across the Suez Canal, when it comes to particular financial zones in Alexandria and Cairo. Egypt can be eager to push for extra tourism from India, and ease motion of individuals so that there’s extra foreign exchange influx into their tourism-dependent economic system.

With Sisi being a former Military chief, Egypt is occupied with procuring defence tools from India, which incorporates LCA Tejas, missiles like Akash, DRDO’s Good Anti-Airfield Weapon, and radars. That is being developed as a part of defence trade cooperation, and one of many markers was that Defence minister Rajnath Singh visited Cairo final yr when a defence pact was signed. Egypt has additionally been invited to take part within the Aero-India 2023 at Yelahanka Air Drive Station, Bengaluru, subsequent month.

A army contingent from the Egyptian Military will take part within the Republic Day parade.

The 2 nations can even take a look at the training sector, the place Indian increased academic establishments can arrange campuses in Egypt: a proposal for establishing an IIT in Egypt is within the works.
Is there a political significance of Sisi’s go to?

An invite to the Egyptian President is being thought-about vital, particularly when India’s ties with Muslim-majority nations have been examined resulting from controversial remarks made by BJP spokesperson Nupur Sharma in June final yr. That Egypt was one of many few nations from the Arab world which didn’t react formally to the remarks was not misplaced on New Delhi.

High clerics — the Grand Mufti of Egypt and the Al Azhar college, the highest seat of studying of Sunni Islam — had condemned these remarks. However New Delhi views Egypt as a reasonable Islamic voice, which has made an try over time to play a nuanced and optimistic function within the 57-member Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the place Pakistan has managed to get some India-centric condemnatory resolutions.

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