On the eve of Republic Day, the Centre introduced the names of 26 unsung heroes for coveted Padma awards. Medical skilled Dilip Mahalanabis, who returned from the US to serve in 1971-Bangladesh struggle refugee camps and promoted worldwide use of Oral Rehydration Answer saving over 5 crore lives globally, shall be posthumously given this 12 months’s Padma Vibhushan, whereas 25 others shall be given Padma Shri award.
One of many highest civilian awards within the nation, Padma Awards are conferred in three classes — Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Padma Shri. It’s given in numerous disciplines together with artwork, social work, public affairs, science and engineering, commerce and business, medication, literature and schooling, sports activities, civil service, and many others. Padma Vibhushan is awarded for distinctive and distinguished service; Padma Bhushan for distinguished service of excessive order and Padma Shri for distinguished service in any discipline.
The awards are introduced on the event of Republic Day yearly.
Issuing an official assertion, the Ministry of House Affairs (MHA) mentioned, “These Awards are conferred by the President of India at ceremonial capabilities that are held at Rashtrapati Bhawan often round March/April yearly. For the 12 months 2023, the President has accepted the conferment of 106 Padma Awards together with 3 duo circumstances (in a duo case, the award is counted as one) as per the record. The record contains 6 Padma Vibhushan, 9 Padma Bhushan, and 91 Padma Shri Awards. 19 of the awardees are girls and the record additionally consists of 2 individuals from the class of Foreigners/NRI/PIO/OCI and seven Posthumous awardees.”
Here’s a short profile of 25 unsung heroes honoured with Padma Shri this year:
1. Ratan Chandra Kar:
Named “Jarawa ke Jeevandata”, he’s a 66-yer-old retired authorities physician from Andamans working with the Jarawa tribe who inhabit an island 48 km from North Sentinel to obtain Padma Shri within the discipline of Medication (Doctor).
He handled Jarawas in the course of the measles epidemic of 1999 and introduced them again from the verge of extinction, contributed to extend in inhabitants from 76 to 270. He carefully noticed and documented their tradition and custom in his e book referred to as ‘Andamaner Adim Janajati Jarawa’.
2. Hirabai Lobi:
Named “Siddi Ni Shakti”, she is a Siddi tribal social worker and leader, who has dedicated her life for the betterment of the Siddi community in Gujarat. She has been awarded with Padma Shri in the field of Social Work (Tribal).
She provides education to children of the Siddi tribe through the many Balwadis she has founded. This 62-year-old woman promotes financial independence among Siddi women through her foundation Mahila Vikas Mandal. Orphaned at a young age, she was raised by her grandmother.
3. Munishwar Chander Dawar:
The 76-year old war veteran and doctor from Madhya Pradesh’s Jabalpur has been treating underprivileged people for the past 50 years. Known as “Dawar ki Dawa”, he has been awarded Padma Shri within the discipline of Medication (Reasonably priced Healthcare).
He’s selflessly treating the poor and weaker part of the society at an inexpensive price of Rs 20, up from Rs 2 in 2010s. He’s a retired Indian Military physician who has served in 1971 Struggle.
4. Ramkuiwangbe Newme:
This 75-year-old Naga social employee from Dima Hasao has devoted his life for the conservation and preservation of Heraka faith. He has been awarded Padma Shri within the discipline of Social Work (Tradition).
He protected and promoted Heraka indigenous tradition by way of consciousness camps and packages. He has established 10 main faculties and inspired schooling for ladies. He has additionally transcripted ‘Tingwang Hingde’ of Heraka faith.
5. VP Appukuttan Poduval:
Named “Kannur ke Gandhi”, he is 99-year-old and a Gandhian and freedom fighter from Kerala’s Payyanur. He has been awarded Padma Shri in the field of Social Work (Gandhian).
He actively participated within the Stop India Motion in 1942 and dealing tirelessly and selflessly to uplift the
lives of the weaker sections of the society for the past eight decade. He is a proponent of Khadi and a well known
6. Sankurathri Chandra Sekhar:
He is a 79-year-old Kakinada-based social worker, who has dedicated his life to providing free medical and education services to needy people. He has been awarded Padma Shri in the field of Social Work (Affordable Healthcare).
After loosing his wife and two children in the Air India Kanishka bombing, he channelized his grief into a lifelong commitment towards betterment of society. He is instrumental in the treatment of over three lakh eye patients, with 90 per cent surgeries are free. He provided free education to more than 3,500 children from economically weaker sections.
7. Vadivel Gopal and Masi Sadaiyan:
Expert snake catchers from Irula Tribe in Tamil Nadu, they are specialised in catching dangerous and venomous snakes. They will receive Padma Shri in the field of Social Work (Animal Welfare).
Known as “Global Snake Experts”, they travelled globally to catch snakes and practice snake catchers in different elements of the world regardless of missing formal schooling. They use outdated snake catching methods inherited as indigenous data from their forefathers. Collectively, Irula tribe performs an necessary function within the healthcare ecosystem in India, by way of antivenoms collected.
8. Tula Ram Upreti:
This 98-year-old self-sustained small farmer, training natural farming utilizing solely conventional strategies to obtain Padma Shri within the discipline of Others (Agriculture).
Named “Jaivik Kheti ke Prerak”, he is doing so since childhood, six decades before the Sikkim government formed Sikkim Organic Mission. He is providing training and inspiring other farmers to adopt natural farming techniques. He has reduced dependency of farmers on agrochemical industry. He is engaged in farming with his wife Benu Maya
Upreti, now deceased.
9. Nekram Sharma:
This 59-year-old organic farmer from Himachal Pradesh’s Mandi is reviving the traditional crop system of ‘Nau-Anaj’. He will receive Padma Shri in the field of Others (Agriculture).
Nau Anaj is a natural intercropping method in which nine food grains are grown on the same piece of land, without any chemical usage, cutting down water usage by 50 per cent and raising land fertility. Named “Nau Anaj ke Nayak”, he’s inspiring different farmers to comply with the identical. He’s additionally producing native indigenous seeds, distributing to greater than 10,000 farmers in six states for free of charge.
10. Janum Singh Soy:
Tribal Ho language scholar, working for 4 a long time for its preservation and promotion to obtain Padma Shri within the discipline of Literature and Education (Ho language). This 72-year-old Jharkhand native has authored six books on tradition and way of life of the small Ho tribe. He has pioneered Ho as formal course in language, together with his work part of PG curriculum. Named “Hero of Ho”, he got retired from Kolhan University.
11. Dhaniram Toto:
This 57-year-old man is a Toto (Dengka) language preserver from Totopara village of Jalpaiguri district in West Bengal. He will receive Padma Shri in the field of Literature and Education (Dengka language).
Despite lacking any formal training as a Linguist, he is the architect of the Toto language script, preserving the indigenous language. The language now has 37 alphabets. Named “Triumph of Dengka”, he’s the primary creator to write down a novel in Toto language. Toto (Dengka), is a dying language listed as extremely endangered by UNESCO.
12. B Ramakrishna Reddy:
Named “Bhasha Rakshak”, this 80-year-old Linguistics Professor from Telangana will receive Padma in the field of Literature and Education (Linguistics).
In his decades of perseverance, he has made immense contributions towards preservation of Tribal and Southern languages like Kuvi, Manda and Kui. He is building a cultural bridge connecting Tribal languages with other languages. He has drafted Manda-English Dictionary and KuviOriya-English Dictionary while also coauthoring five books towards this cause.
13. Ajay Kumar Mandavi:
He is a 54-year-old Gond tribal wood carver from Chhattisgarh’s Kanker. He will receive Padma Shri in the field of Art (Wood Carving).
Named “Carver of Kanker”, he’s actively rehabilitating misguided individuals in LWE affected areas by instructing them the artwork of wooden calligraphy – greater than 350 lives have been reworked. He’s inspiring youth to drop the gun and choose up the chisel to be taught wooden calligraphy. He has helped round 400 youth get livelihood by way of his self assist group ‘Shanta Art Group’, making them Aatmanirbhar.
14. Rani Machaiah:
The 79-year-old Ummathat folks dancer from Karnataka’s Kodagu has been selling and preserving Kodava tradition by way of dance and can obtain Padma Shri within the discipline of Artwork (People Dance).
Named “Ummathat ki Rani”, she is a former president of Karnataka Kodava Sahitya Academy and has been training women artist in Ummathat Folk dance.
15. KC Runremsangi:
This 59-year-old Mizo folk singer from Mizoram’s Aizwal has been safeguarding Mizo cultural heritage for over three decades and will receive Padma Shri in the field of Art (Vocals – Mizo). Named “Queen of Mizo Folk”, she is a very fashionable singer, who performs all around the nation. She has been credited with recording many Mizo folks songs and acquired her preliminary coaching from elders and later by way of Institute of Music and Positive Arts. She has acquired Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 2017.
16. Risingbor Kurkalang:
Named “Grasp of Duitara”, this 60-year-old Tribal Duitara instrument maker and musician from Meghalaya’s East Khasi Hills will receive Padma Shri in the field of Art (Folk Music).
He has been popularizing Khasi folk music and instruments (Saitar and Duitara) across the world. Duitara is a four-stringed Khasi-Jaintia musical instrument, crafted using jackfruit tree and Muga silk – making it a lucrative source of rural livelihood.
17. Mangala Kanti Roy:
This 102-year-old Sarinda Player from West Bengal’s Jalpaiguri, popular as one of the oldest folk musicians of the state, will receive Padma Shri in the field of Art (Folk Music). He is popular for producing unique bird calls through Sarinda. Named “Sarinda Ke Sartaj”, he has been selling and preserving the Sarinda instrument for eight a long time by way of workshops and performances.
18. Moa Subong:
An eminent Naga musician and innovator who developed a brand new and straightforward to play instrument ‘Bamhum’, a wind musical instrument constructed from bamboo, will obtain Padma Shri within the discipline of Artwork (People Music). Named “Tunes of Bamhum”, he founded Abiogenesis, a musical band that fuses traditional Naga music with modern
rock music, along with his vocalist wife.
He has created a new music genre named Howey and another instrument called Tikzik.
The 71-year-old veteran Thamate exponent from Karnataka’s Chikkaballapur, who has been working tirelessly towards the preservation and promotion of the folk instrument Thamate, will receive Padma Shri in the field of Art (Folk Music).
Thamate is a percussion instrument (hand drum) from Old Mysore region. He leads artists showcasing the traditional
instrument across the state and nation. Named “Thamaṭeya Tande (Father of Thamata)”, he began enjoying Thamate at age 16 and now trains younger and upcoming artists regardless of the social stigma connected to it.
20. Domar Singh Kunvar:
Named “Natya Nach ke Nayak”, this 75-year-old Chhattisgarhi Natya Nacha artist, dedicated his life to keeping the tradition alive since last 5 decades, will receive Padma Shri in the field of Art (Dance).
He essays the role of Sultana Daku who fought against British imperialists. He has performed plays in 13 dialects and languages and given over 5,000 presentation across India. Through his plays, he spreads awareness about eradicating superstition and social evils like child marriage.
21. Parshuram Komaji Khune:
This 70-year-old Zadipatti Rangbhumi artist from Maharashtra’s Gadchiroli, having played 800 different roles in more than 5,000 drama shows, to receive Padma Shri in the field of Art (Theatre).
Zadipatti is a folk theatre performed during the harvest season of rice cultivation in Maharashtra. He has worked for rehabilitation of misguided youth in LWE affected areas by engaging them in folk culture. He spreads awareness on social issues like alcohol de-addiction, hygiene, eradicating superstitions.
22. Ghulam Muhammad Zaz:
He is the eight generation santoor craftsman from a family known for making the finest santoors in Kashmir for the last 200 years to receive Padma Shri in the field of Art (Craft). Named “Santoor ke Sartaaj”, he’s 81-year-old from Jammu and Kashmir and devoted seven a long time in crafting stringed devices, retaining the household legacy alive. These devices are recognized for his or her lengthy lifespan, with a lot of them lasting for over a century.
He additionally makes different stringed devices like Rabab, Kashmiri Sitar and Sarangi.
23. Bhanubhai Chitara:
He’s seventh era Kalamkari artist from the Chunara group in Gujarat, carrying ahead the legacy of the 400-year-old conventional craft of Mata ni Pachedi (behind Mom Goddess) to obtain Padma Shri within the discipline of Artwork (Portray).
Named “Kalamkari Chitara”, he is 66-year-old and his each painting has a story inspired by mythological epics such as Mahabharata and Ramayana. He played critical role in promoting the art form through 200 workshops and exhibitions across India and the world.
24. Paresh Rathwa:
This 54-year-old Pithora artist from Chhota Udepur in Gujarat has been promoting the ancient cultural heritage and will receive Padma Shri in the field of Art (Painting). Pithora is a 12,000-year-old tribal folk art, created as divine offerings to Lord Pithora (God of food grains).
Immense contribution showcasing this art globally, including in 30 exhibitions. He has been creating awareness about the age old tradition by providing online and offline training to students.
25. Kapil Dev Prasad:
This 68-year-old Bawan Buti handloom weaver from Nalanda district in Bihar to receive Padma Shri in the field of Art (Textile). He depicts ancient Buddhist symbols in his craft through 52 butis in each woven item. He has contributed in reviving and promoting the Bawan Buti Weave over five decades. He weaves various products including sarees.
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