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February 9, 2023
February 9, 2023
Drivers of the passenger vans and taxis individuals rely upon for transportation in largely rural Chiapas say they stay in concern for his or her livelihood, or their lives. They’ve raised the alarm, holding short-term work stoppages to get authorities’ consideration. The proprietor of 1 transport firm in Tapachula has began transferring with bodyguards.
Some admit to paying the extortion, having seen what occurs to those that didn’t.
“If we don’t do anything we’re going to be a little (El) Salvador,” mentioned a pacesetter of drivers within the city of Huixtla, the place a driver was shot by two males on a motorbike final February. The person requested anonymity, fearing gang reprisals.
Drivers in Huixtla confirmed The Related Press vouchers relationship again a yr, documenting the funds.
Usually, it begins with somebody climbing aboard the bus and handing a telephone to the driving force, typically whereas pointing a gun on the driver’s head. The drivers are informed to present the telephone to the proprietor of the bus, van or taxi, establishing a direct line of communication.
Callers present the house owners that they know who they’re, the place they stay, their routines and their livelihoods, based on recordings reviewed by the AP. Talking with distinctive Central American accents, Salvadoran slang and vulgarity, they ask for $50 initially after which $50 monthly for every van or taxi, mentioned a consultant of drivers in Tapachula, who additionally requested anonymity out of concern.
The newest assault got here Monday, when an unidentified man fired into the native bus terminal in Cacahoatan. Nobody was injured, however bullets struck a parked van and led drivers to droop service. The shooter fled with one other man on a motorbike. Earlier this month, a van was set on fireplace in the identical municipality.
Native authorities shaped an anti-gang activity pressure and posted police at transport hubs, and final month Mexico’s navy deployed an extra 350 troopers to communities alongside the Guatemalan border.
“The intent is to support the civilian population to decrease the homicides tied to organized crime and the level of violence that has been on the rise in recent days,” mentioned Ángel Banda Lozoya, commander of the native military regiment.
However the drivers stay uncovered as they make frequent stops on lengthy rural routes, and navy would possibly can’t simply quash a risk that arrives unseen, by means of menacing calls and messages.
José Mateo Martínez, Chiapas state prosecutor for migrant affairs, says El Salvador’s crackdown on organized crime is behind the rise in prison exercise in Mexico. “People are coming to hide from that, but there are also gang leaders who come to create a criminal group here,” he mentioned.
In March 2022, El Salvador suspended some constitutional rights in response to an explosion of violence. The state of exception has continued since then, regardless of vast criticism by human rights organizations, with greater than 60,000 individuals arrested on suspicion of gang ties.
Enforcement has been much less forceful amongst El Salvador’s neighbors: From 2018 by means of November 2022, Mexico arrested and deported 97 Salvadorans allegedly tied to gangs, principally within the final two years, based on the Chiapas state prosecutor’s workplace. Neighboring Guatemala deported 90 alleged Salvadoran gang members final yr, Nationwide Civilian Police spokesman Edwin Monroy mentioned.
The gangs are transnational by nature, with tens of hundreds of members in america in addition to Central America and Mexico. El Salvador’s dominant road gangs shaped in Los Angeles amongst communities of immigrants who had fled armed conflicts within the Eighties. Finally deported, they discovered fertile floor for extra violence, committing crimes in a single nation after which hiding out in one other, mixing in with the each day stream of migrants throughout borders.
These gangs have lengthy operated alongside Mexico’s borders, typically offering road muscle for Mexico’s highly effective drug cartels or working their very own prison enterprises, cashing in on the illicit visitors of medication, weapons and migrants. And a few Mexican cartels extort companies in different components of the nation.
However one other Tapachula transportation chief, who requested anonymity as a result of he feared reprisals insisted that these extortionists are Central American gangsters, not Mexican cartel members.
Extorting native transportation has been a key line of their income in El Salvador. Salvadoran President Nayib Bukele mentioned in August that extortion of that sector had fallen dramatically. His transportation minister estimated bus firms had stopped paying some $50 million to gangs.
Different authorities have introduced some successes: In August, Mexican police took down a gang cell that offered medication and robbed shoppers at a bar in Tapachula. One of many 5 individuals captured had a pending arrest order from El Salvador and was deported.
In November, Mexican authorities arrested and deported to El Salvador a purported chief of the Barrio 18 gang, suspected within the killings of six individuals in San Salvador in 2020. Authorities in El Salvador mentioned he had fled to Mexico together with his household and different gang members to keep away from seize beneath El Salvador’s particular emergency powers.
And on Jan. 3, Guatemala captured and deported a Salvadoran gang member who had a number of arrest warrants on costs starting from aggravated homicide to terrorism.
However individuals who rely upon transit in southern Mexico stay dissatisfied. There’s a police car parked each day on the native station in Tapachula the place vans arrive and depart consistently, however their drivers stay uncovered.
Two of the killings occurred northwest of Tapachula close to the Pacific coast. In September, a person received out of a van driving the route between Tonala and Arriaga and shot the feminine driver. In late October, a driver was shot in Mapastepec by two males on a motorbike, not removed from the native terminal.
AP journalists Moises Castillo in Tapachula, Marcos Alemán in San Salvador, El Salvador and Sonia Pérez D. in Guatemala Metropolis contributed to this report.