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Within the first weeks of 2023, mass taking pictures at a more-than-daily tempo — according to the Gun Violence Archive, a nonprofit analysis group — have sown horror throughout the nation. Shootings in Half Moon Bay, California, on Monday, capped weekend violence: The state noticed three mass shootings in three days.

These continued a longstanding sample in the USA, the place firearms are a bitter partisan political difficulty. Requires robust gun-control measures are likely to comply with within the wake of such assaults, together with an outpouring of anger and grief on social media.

Many individuals around the globe are as soon as once more asking the identical query: Why gained’t America take steps to finish gun violence?

From the UK to New Zealand, listed below are the coverage modifications some international locations have applied after their very own mass shootings.

Dad and mom and neighborhood members in Uvalde, Tex., scrambled for details about the coed victims of the Robb Elementary Faculty mass taking pictures on Might 24. (Video: John Farrell/The Washington Put up)

In August 1987, Michael Robert Ryan fatally shot 16 folks in Hungerford, England. The size of the bloodbath shocked the nation. On the time, The Washington Put up described it as the “worst such incident in modern British history.”

Ryan, 27 and unemployed, was armed with a Chinese language copy of an AK-47 and quite a lot of different weapons. His motive was by no means found. He killed himself and his mom, his solely shut relative.

In response to the bloodbath, British Residence Secretary Douglas Hurd known as for an investigation into Ryan’s authorized possession of the weapons he used. The Firearms (Modification) Act 1988, handed with the backing of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher’s Conservative Occasion authorities, outlawed semiautomatic weapons and restricted gross sales of some kinds of shotguns.

These weapons had been uncommon in Britain, so the impression was restricted. However after one other taking pictures in March 1996, when Thomas Hamilton killed 16 kids and their instructor at Dunblane Main Faculty in Scotland utilizing Browning and Smith & Wesson handguns, more-sweeping guidelines had been put in place.

Public anger over the killings led to a strong grass-roots marketing campaign known as Snowdrop. The 1997 Firearms Act ended up restricting ownership of almost all handguns. Tens of hundreds of weapons had been collected from homeowners, who got market worth for the weapons. Police spent years cracking down on unlawful gun possession.

Gun violence peaked in 2005 and has typically declined in the years since.

Family of those that died in Britain’s mass shootings have stated their experiences might assist the USA reckon with gun-control laws.

“Eyes are going to be on Dunblane, and we don’t need the eyes on Dunblane anymore,” Jack Crozier, whose 5-year-old sister Emma was killed within the bloodbath, stated at an anniversary event in March 2021. “But we need to be looking at what is going on in other countries, and America in particular.”

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Martin Bryant, 29, killed 35 folks close to the historic Port Arthur jail in Tasmania, Australia, utilizing a legally bought Colt AR-15 semiautomatic rifle in April 1996. It was the deadliest bloodbath in Australia in the course of the twentieth century and got here simply weeks after the killings in Dunblane.

The slayings drew widespread consideration to Australia’s gun legal guidelines, which had been particularly relaxed in Tasmania. The island, which has its personal state authorities, had required gun licenses solely since 1988 and didn’t require rifles to be registered.

The Australian federal authorities, then led by center-right Prime Minister John Howard, coordinated with states to limit the possession of computerized and semiautomatic rifles and shotguns. Inside a 12 months, the federal government purchased again 650,000 firearms.

Some research have indicated that this system was profitable and that Australia became a less violent place within the years for the reason that buyback.

In 2013, Howard wrote an op-ed for the New York Instances that known as on President Barack Obama to comply with his mannequin. “Few Australians would deny that their country is safer today as a consequence of gun control,” Howard wrote.

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In March 2019, Brenton Harrison Tarrant, 28, opened hearth at two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand, and killed 51 Muslim worshipers with weapons that included an AR-15-style rifle. Lower than 24 hours later, New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern introduced that the nation would change its gun legal guidelines.

Not like Australia, New Zealand had comparatively lax gun laws and a strong gun foyer. Earlier than the assault, there have been an estimated 250,000 gun homeowners within the nation, which has a inhabitants of 5 million folks. Tarrant, an Australian citizen who had been dwelling in New Zealand since 2017, had bought his weapons legally, though he had illegally modified some.

Ardern was capable of collect swift assist for more durable gun legal guidelines, placing short-term measures in place inside days. The next month, Parliament made the modifications official, with overwhelming bipartisan assist and just one lawmaker opposed. Among the many plans had been a gun buyback scheme, in addition to restrictions on AR-15s and different semiautomatic weapons.

New Zealand’s Parliament voted nearly unanimously for a legislation that bans most semiautomatic weapons. Right here’s a take a look at the brand new legislation. (Video: William Neff/The Washington Put up)

Due to the lax monitoring of those weapons, authorities had been initially not sure what number of had been within the nation. “It’s really an open checkbook,” Joe Inexperienced, gun security specialist and former arms management supervisor for the New Zealand Police, told The Post, “because they don’t know how many they are buying back.”

A second spherical of gun legal guidelines was handed in 2020, which required establishing a brand new firearms registry that gun license holders had been required to replace as they purchased or offered firearms.

In an interview with CNN’s Christiane Amanpour in Might 2019, Ardern stated she was bewildered by the USA’ reluctance to cross gun-control legal guidelines. “Australia experienced a massacre and changed their laws. New Zealand had its experience and changed its laws. To be honest with you, I do not understand the United States,” she said.

In April 2020, Gabriel Wortman, wearing an genuine Royal Canadian Mounted Police uniform and driving a mocked-up police cruiser, went on a 13-hour rampage via rural Nova Scotia, killing 22 folks within the deadliest taking pictures in fashionable Canadian historical past.

Police shot the 51-year-old denturist lifeless at a fuel station. Court docket paperwork confirmed that he was armed with two semiautomatic rifles and two pistols. He didn’t have a firearms license, and a few of the weapons had been smuggled in from the USA.

Two weeks later, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau introduced a ban on greater than 1,500 makes and fashions of “military-style assault weapons,” together with the AR-15 and the Ruger Mini-14, which was utilized in a 1989 bloodbath that left 14 lifeless on the École Polytechnique in Montreal. The ban makes it unlawful to fireplace, transport, promote, import or bequeath these weapons.

Trudeau, who pledged stricter gun-control measures in the course of the 2019 election marketing campaign, stated his authorities had been engaged on a ban earlier than the pandemic. The Conservative Occasion stated the ban, which was imposed via regulatory measures, was opportunistic.

An amnesty measure to permit folks a grace interval to conform was set to run out in April, however it has been prolonged via the autumn of 2023. The federal government has pledged to develop a compulsory buyback program for the banned firearms, however there are few particulars on how it could work.

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