February 1 marks two years for the reason that navy, led by military chief Senior Normal Min Aung Hlaing, seized management of Myanmar.
Previously yr, the generals have stepped up their efforts to wipe out all opposition to their rule.
The nation’s elected chief, Aung San Suu Kyi, has been convicted of a litany of fees in proceedings that came about behind closed doorways and faces the remainder of her life behind bars.
In a call that shocked the world, the navy additionally hanged 4 anti-coup activists — the primary use of the dying penalty in additional than 30 years.
It has additionally turned more and more to air power in its crackdown on the anti-coup motion, and has deepened its ties with Russia, a key weapons provider.
Regardless of the continued crackdown, diplomatic efforts to finish the violence and restore the civilian authorities have largely did not make progress.
“It’s critical we reflect on the international community’s myriad failures in response to a crisis that remains as urgent today as it was two years ago,” Akila Radhakrishnan, president of the World Justice Middle, stated in an announcement.
“It is never too late for the international community to learn from its mistakes. The UN Security Council could follow its recent and first-ever resolution on Myanmar with a comprehensive and ongoing plan of action that includes measures like a global arms embargo and a referral to the International Criminal Court.”
Here’s a timeline of occasions for the reason that navy seized energy in 2021:
The navy detains Aung San Suu Kyi and different members of the Nationwide League for Democracy, which had been re-elected in a landslide in November 2020.
A state of emergency is asserted, and army chief Min Aung Hlaing seizes control.
Mass civil disobedience is asserted, with authorities employees, together with academics and docs, strolling off the job.
The police announce the primary fees towards Aung San Suu Kyi — the unlawful use of walkie-talkies.
Police are accused of utilizing extreme and deadly power towards protesters in Naypyidaw, the capital. Mya Thwate Thwate Khaing, 20, is shot within the head and dies 10 days later. The navy bans gatherings in townships throughout 10 areas.
Tens of 1000’s of individuals in Yangon and elsewhere in Myanmar be a part of the anti-coup protests, the biggest crowd for the reason that generals’ energy seize. The US imposes its first sanctions on coup chief Min Aung Hlaing and a number of other different senior generals for his or her roles within the coup. The European Union, Canada and others comply with.
United Nations Ambassador Kyaw Moe Tun requires the “strongest possible action” towards the navy regime and ends his UN speech with the three-fingered salute adopted by the protesters.
A number of days later, the coup leaders announce he has been fired for “betraying” the nation. The UN has continued to take care of Kyaw Moe Tun’s credentials regardless of stress from the navy regime.
The UN Safety Council unanimously requires a reversal of the navy coup in Myanmar and condemns the navy’s violence towards peaceable protesters.
The subsequent day, Tom Andrews, the UN Particular Rapporteur on human rights in Myanmar, tells the UN’s Human Rights Council the nation is “being controlled by a murderous, illegal regime“.
Troops kill a minimum of 160 folks because the navy holds its conventional parade to mark Armed Forces Day.
Politicians pressured out of workplace by the navy announce they’ve fashioned a Nationwide Unity Authorities (NUG).
Min Aung Hlaing travels to Jakarta for a summit with Southeast Asian leaders. The armed forces chief indicators a five-point plan to finish the violence and search an answer to the political disaster.
Aung San Suu Kyi seems in courtroom for the first time since her authorities was overthrown.
She faces a wide range of fees, together with the unlawful import of walkie-talkies and breaking COVID-19 guidelines through the 2020 election.
The navy cancels the results of the 2020 election, claiming thousands and thousands of instances of fraud.
Worldwide and home observers who watched the polls stated there have been no major irregularities.
Min Aung Hlaing appoints himself prime minister within the navy’s State Administration Council. He says the navy will maintain elections by 2023.
The US fees two Myanmar residents over a plot to injure or kill UN Ambassador Kyaw Moe Tun.
The navy releases Ashin Wirathu, a nationalist Buddhist monk infamous for his anti-Muslim tirades, after dropping sedition fees introduced by Aung San Suu Kyi’s deposed authorities.
The NUG requires a nationwide rebellion towards the generals.
“With the responsibility to protect the life and properties of the people, the National Unity Government … [has] launched a people’s defensive war against the military junta,” Duwa Lashi La, the performing president of the NUG, stated in a video assertion posted on Fb.
“As this is a public revolution, all the citizens within entire Myanmar, revolt against the rule of the military terrorists led by Min Aung Hlaing in every corner of the country.”
In an unprecedented transfer, the Affiliation of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) excludes Min Aung Hlaing from their summit, saying the navy has did not make progress on its five-point plan to finish the disaster.
Myanmar fees Aung San Suu Kyi and 15 others with “electoral fraud and lawless actions” over the 2020 elections.
Aung San Suu Kyi is discovered responsible and jailed for 4 years on fees of “incitement” towards the navy, in addition to breaching COVID-19 protocols. The sentence is later minimize to 2 years.
The navy rolls out the crimson carpet for Cambodia’s Prime Minister Hun Sen who turns into the primary — and to this point solely — international chief to go to Myanmar for the reason that coup.
The navy executes 4 anti-coup activists within the first use of the dying penalty in Myanmar in additional than 30 years.
Phyo Zeya Thaw, a former legislator from the NLD, and distinguished democracy activist Kyaw Min Yu, higher generally known as Ko Jimmy, had been hanged for his or her involvement in organising “brutal and inhumane terror acts”, the state-run World New Mild of Myanmar newspaper stated.
Hla Myo Aung and Aung Thura Zaw had been additionally executed.
Dozens extra are on dying row.
Russian Overseas Minister Sergey Lavrov visits Myanmar amid deepening ties between Moscow and the navy regime.
Min Aung Hlaing meets Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the Moscow-organised Japanese Financial Discussion board in Vladivostok, Russia.
“Our relations are developing positively,” the state-owned RIA information company quoted Putin as saying through the talks.
A minimum of 11 youngsters are killed and greater than a dozen injured after the navy bombs a faculty within the restive Sagaing area the place it’s going through sustained resistance.
The then-Malaysian Overseas Minister Saifuddin Abdullah says ASEAN must resolve whether or not the five-point consensus is “still relevant” or “needs to be replaced”.
Australian economist Sean Turnell, Japanese filmmaker Toru Kubota, distinguished enterprise adviser and former United Kingdom Ambassador Vicky Bowman, and American Kyaw Htay Oo are amongst 5,774 prisoners released in an Amnesty to mark Victory Day.
“It is one bright spot in what is otherwise an incredibly dark time, where we see things going from bad to worse in Burma,” US Secretary of State Antony Blinken stated of the amnesty, utilizing Myanmar’s former identify.
The UN Safety Council adopts its first resolution on Myanmar since it was admitted to the world body as Burma in 1948, demanding an finish to violence and the discharge of all political prisoners, together with Aung San Suu Kyi.
Of the council’s 15 members, 12 vote in favour. China and Russia, who’ve supported Myanmar’s military leaders for the reason that coup, abstain as does India.
Aung San Suu Kyi’s trials conclude as she is handed a seven-year time period for corruption. The 77-year-old Nobel Peace Prize laureate faces a complete of 33 years in prison. The navy supplies no particulars on the place she shall be held.
The navy frees greater than 7,000 prisoners as a part of an amnesty to mark 75 years of independence. Just a few are identified to be political prisoners.
Greater than a dozen survivors of navy abuses in Myanmar lodge a criminal complaint in Germany, asking prosecutors to research and convey to trial these answerable for committing atrocities throughout crackdowns on opponents of the coup and towards the Rohingya minority.
“This complaint provides new evidence proving that the Myanmar military systematically killed, raped, tortured, imprisoned, disappeared, persecuted and committed other acts that amount to genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes in violation of German law,” stated Matthew Smith, CEO and co-founder of advocacy group Fortify Rights, which filed the swimsuit.
The UN finds that the cultivation of opium has surged since the military coup.
The state-run World New Mild of Myanmar publishes a restrictive new law on political parties.
Among the many measures, events and people deemed to have hyperlinks to “terrorism” — the navy refers to its opponents within the Individuals’s Defence Forces and NUG as “terrorists” — shall be barred from standing.
Two years for the reason that navy seized energy.
The Help Affiliation for Political Prisoners (AAPP) estimates almost 3,000 anti-coup activists and civilians have been killed for the reason that coup — double the quantity from a yr in the past.
AAPP information present 17,572 folks have been arrested, with 13,763 nonetheless in detention.
The UN estimates some 1.5 million folks have been pressured from their properties by the combating.