UNITED NATIONS (AP) — The unbiased U.N. particular investigator on Myanmar warned Tuesday that the nation’s army rulers plan to hunt legitimacy by orchestrating a “sham” election this 12 months and urged all international locations to reject the unlawful and “farcical” vote.Tom Andrews also called for nations that support human rights and democracy to recognize the underground umbrella organization for opponents of military rule as the legitimate representative of Myanmar’s people.He said in a report to the Human Rights Council released on the eve of the second anniversary of the ouster of Aung San Suu Kyi’s elected government that according to the constitution drafted by the military in 2008, its coup on Feb. 1, 2021, “was illegal and its claim as Myanmar’s government is illegitimate.”U.N. member nations, Andrews mentioned, “have an important responsibility and role to play in determining whether Myanmar’s military junta will succeed in achieving its goal of being accepted as legitimate and gaining control of a nation in revolt.”“You cannot have a free and fair election when the opposition is arrested, detained, tortured, and executed,” journalists are prohibited from doing their job, and it’s a crime to criticize the army, Andrews mentioned at a information convention. He famous that a lot of the worldwide group has refused to simply accept the army’s declare to be the professional authorities of Myanmar. A small minority, together with China, Russia, India, Belaurs, Saudi Arabia and Sri Lanka, have taken actions tantamount to recognition comparable to presenting diplomatic credentials to the junta leaders and strengthening army and financial relations, he mentioned.Andrews referred to as for recognition and assist for the Nationwide Unity Authorities, the primary underground group coordinating resistance to the army. It was established by elected legislators who had been barred from taking their seats when the army seized energy.Andrews mentioned he’s inspired by the rising engagement of the USA, the European Union and Canada with the Nationwide Unity Authorities.Presenting the report at a information convention, Andrews referred to as Myanmar’s state of affairs “the forgotten war” and accused the worldwide group of failing to handle the disaster together with “the junta’s systematic crimes against humanity and war crimes.”For the reason that army got here to energy, he mentioned, a minimum of 2,900 folks and doubtless many extra have died, 17,500 persons are political prisoners and a minimum of 38,000 properties, clinics and faculties have been burned to the bottom. As well as, 1.1 million folks have been displaced, greater than 4 million youngsters don’t have entry to formal schooling, and 17.6 million persons are anticipated to want humanitarian assist in 2023, up from 1 million earlier than the coup, he mentioned.Andrews, a former U.S. congressman who has appointments on the Yale Legislation Faculty and Harvard’s Asia Middle, mentioned a brand new coordinated worldwide response to the disaster in Myanmar is crucial.The military’s ouster of Suu Kyi’s elected authorities was met with widespread public protests that safety forces suppressed with deadly drive. The futility of nonviolent protest drove opponents to armed resistance, which some U.N. consultants and others have characterised as civil battle. In response to Andrews’ report back to the U.N. Human Rights Council, within the 22 months from the coup by way of Dec. 31, there have been roughly 10,000 assaults or armed clashes between the army and anti-junta, ethnic resistance forces, and different teams.Andrews urged all members of the Affiliation of Southeast Asian Nations to distance themselves from the junta, condemn its actions, and assist enforcement of worldwide sanctions. Whereas Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines and Brunei have diminished diplomatic engagement and rejected its claims of legitimacy, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam have engaged with the army, although Vietnam and Cambodia have mentioned this doesn’t equate to recognition.Myanmar is a member of ASEAN and its army chief, Gen. Min Aung Hlaing, agreed to the group’s five-point plan in April 2021 calling for a direct cessation of violence, a dialogue amongst all involved events mediated by an ASEAN particular envoy, however the junta has made little effort to implement it.Andrews mentioned the army’s maintain on the nation “is weakening,” saying that his investigation has discovered that worldwide sanctions have made it tough for the junta to maneuver and entry funds to maintain its operations going. However “the problem is that the sanctions are not coordinated,” he mentioned.