President Biden signed a invoice on Tuesday that removes the bust of former Supreme Court docket Chief Justice Roger Taney, creator of the notorious Dred Scott resolution, from the Capitol Constructing.
The invoice, which handed the Home and Senate unanimously earlier this month, instructs the bust to get replaced with certainly one of Justice Thurgood Marshall, a civil rights icon and the primary Black Supreme Court docket justice.
The president thanked a number of Democratic lawmakers who ushered the bill through Congress, together with Sens. Ben Cardin, D-Md., Chris Van Hollen, D-Md., Amy Klobuchar, D-Minn., and Corey Booker, D-N.J., in addition to Reps. Steny Hoyer, D-Md., and Jim Clyburn, D-S.C.
“Whereas the elimination of Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney’s bust from the Capitol doesn’t relieve the Congress of the historic wrongs it dedicated to guard the establishment of slavery, it expresses Congress’s recognition of one of the crucial infamous wrongs to have ever taken place in certainly one of its rooms, that of Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney’s Dred Scott v. Sandford resolution,” the laws states.
The invoice acknowledged that Taney’s 1857 Dred Scott decision, “declared that African People weren’t residents of the USA and couldn’t sue in Federal courts. This resolution additional declared that Congress didn’t have the authority to ban slavery within the territories.”
Taney’s opinion was legally binding till the USA ratified the thirteenth, 14th, and fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution, which outlawed slavery, granted citizenship to African-People and assured equal safety underneath the legislation, and prolonged the precise to vote to former slaves.
“Thurgood Marshall was an inspiration who helped tear down the partitions of segregation in America. It’s wholly acceptable that such a civil rights and authorized icon displace Roger Taney within the U.S. Capitol,” Sen. Ben Cardin, D-Md., stated in a press release after the Senate handed the invoice. “Each hailed from Maryland, however Marshall was a beacon of hope for racial equality. His uplifting voice of equality and alternative is precisely what our nation wants at this second.”
The bust of Taney, the nation’s fifth chief justice, who led the courtroom from 1836 to 1864, at the moment sits inside the doorway to the Previous Supreme Court docket Chamber within the U.S. Capitol, the place the excessive courtroom met from 1810 till 1860. Statues of Taney have been beforehand eliminated in his dwelling state of Maryland.
The laws directs the elimination of the bust inside 45 days of the invoice being enacted into legislation. It would then stay within the custody of the Senate curator. It additionally requires coming into into an settlement to acquire a bust of Marshall inside two years, and that precedence for its location needs to be close to the Previous Supreme Court docket Chamber.
Fox Information’ Bradford Betz contributed to this report.