WHO ARE THESE PROTESTERS, AND WHAT DO THEY WANT?
The protesters are hardcore Bolsonaro supporters, a few of whom have been camped exterior a army headquarters in Brasilia since Bolsonaro misplaced the Oct. 30 presidential election and reject the race’s outcomes. Others traveled to Brasilia for the weekend on buses. They’ve been demanding army intervention to oust newly inaugurated President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, alleging he’s a thief who he’ll lead the nation into communism, and restore Bolsonaro to energy.
HOW DID BRAZIL GET TO THIS POINT?
All through his administration, Bolsonaro skilled fireplace at Supreme Courtroom justices for opening investigations focusing on him and his allies. He repeatedly singled out Justice Alexandre de Moraes, who presided over the electoral authority throughout the election, and at one level pushed Brazil to the brink of an institutional disaster by threatening to disobey any of de Moraes’ future rulings.
Bolsonaro additionally sowed doubt in regards to the reliability of Brazil’s digital voting machines, then declined to concede defeat. After his loss, he largely vanished from view, although he addressed his supporters as soon as to inform them they’d the facility of their fingers and that he controls the armed forces. His supporters maintained hope Bolsonaro or the armed forces would lead an intervention to overturn the outcomes.
WHAT HAS BOLSONARO CLAIMED ABOUT THE VOTING SYSTEM AND ELECTIONS?
Bolsonaro insisted the digital voting system ought to characteristic a printed receipt with a view to allow audits, however Congress’ Decrease Home in 2021 voted down his proposal for that change and electoral authorities say the outcomes can already be verified. Safety consultants take into account digital voting much less safe than hand-marked paper ballots as a result of they depart no auditable paper path. Brazil’s system is, nevertheless, carefully scrutinized and home authorities and worldwide observers have never found evidence of it being exploited to commit fraud since its adoption in 1996.
After the 2022 elections, Bolsonaro and his celebration petitioned the electoral authority to nullify hundreds of thousands of votes forged on nearly all of voting machines that featured a software program bug — the machines lacked particular person identification numbers of their inner logs. The request didn’t say how the bug may have an effect on outcomes, and unbiased consultants mentioned that it will not undermine reliability in any approach. The electoral authority’s president swiftly dismissed the request and imposed a multi-million greenback fantastic on the celebration for what he known as a bad-faith effort.
WHAT ARE BOLSONARO’S TIES TO TRUMP AND HIS ALLIES?
Former U.S. President Donald Trump was one in every of Bolsonaro’s few international allies and Bolsonaro usually exalted his American counterpart’s management, even posting pictures of himself watching Trump’s addresses.
Bolsonaro and his lawmaker son Eduardo visited Trump at Mar-a-Lago, and each attended dinners on the home of Steve Bannon. The longtime Trump ally amplified Bolsonaro’s claims in regards to the digital voting system earlier than the October vote and, after the Jan. 8 rebellion in Brasilia, known as the protesters “Brazilian freedom fighters” in a video on social media.
Eduardo Bolsonaro has repeatedly attended the Conservative Political Motion Convention within the U.S., positioning himself because the worldwide face of the right-wing motion led by his father and making inroads together with his American counterparts. Jason Miller, the previous Trump marketing campaign strategist, additionally met with Eduardo in Brazil. On the eve of the Jan. 6 riot within the U.S. Capitol, Eduardo was in Washington, and met with Ivanka Trump and My Pillow chief govt Mike Lindell.
After Trump misplaced his reelection bid, then-President Bolsonaro waited 5 weeks earlier than recognizing Joe Biden’s victory and was one of many closing world leaders to take action.
WHY IS BOLSONARO IN THE U.S.?
Bolsonaro flew to Florida two days earlier than Lula’s Jan. 1 inauguration, when the outgoing president historically bestows the presidential sash to his successor. As an alternative, Bolsonaro took up non permanent residence within the dwelling of a Brazilian former combined martial arts fighter exterior Orlando. He hasn’t specified the explanations for his departure, and analysts have speculated it marks an try to keep away from potential prosecution in reference to a number of ongoing investigations focusing on him, blame from backers for not mobilizing the armed forces, and duty for his supporters’ actions.